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Stephennie Mulder
Dear Entire World: ‘Allah’ textile actually doesn't have Allah on it. Vikings had rich contacts w/Arab world. This textile? No. 1/60
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Stephennie Mulder Oct 16
Replying to @nytimes @guardian and 3 others
Actually textile has no Arabic at all but story has gone viral have reported 2/60
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Stephennie Mulder Oct 16
Replying to @nytimes @guardian and 3 others
There is something very troubling here about relationship between news media & experts, who should have been consulted for verification 3/60
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Stephennie Mulder Oct 16
Replying to @stephenniem
It should go without saying that a single scholar’s un-peer-reviewed claim does not truth make. 4/60
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Stephennie Mulder Oct 16
Replying to @stephenniem
Here’s the deal with ‘Allah’ textile, as I have been able to piece it together over past few days. 5/60
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Stephennie Mulder Oct 16
Replying to @stephenniem
Here’s the deal with ‘Allah’ textile, as I have been able to piece it together over past few days. 5/60
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Stephennie Mulder Oct 16
Replying to @stephenniem
1: As an Islamic art historian & archaeologist, I was immediately suspicious about style of Arabic epigraphy. 6/60
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Stephennie Mulder Oct 16
Replying to @stephenniem
It’s really so simple that I spent five days thinking, it couldn’t be that Larsson would make so fundamental and obvious a mistake. 7/60
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Stephennie Mulder Oct 16
Replying to @stephenniem
The issue is a serious problem of dating. textile is 10th c. Style of epigraphy in Larsson’s drawing is 500 years later. 8/60
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Stephennie Mulder Oct 16
Replying to @stephenniem
It’s a style called square Kufic, and it’s common in Iran, C. Asia on architecture after 15th c., ex: Safavid Isfahan w/Allah and Ali 9/60
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Stephennie Mulder Oct 16
Replying to @stephenniem
Earliest examples of square Kufic on architecture date to the 11th-early 12th century: Panel of Ibrahim b. Mas‘ud, ca. 1059-1099 10/60
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Stephennie Mulder Oct 16
Replying to @2kufic
Or the Minaret of Mas‘ud III at Ghazni, ca. 1099-1118, so all at least 100 years later than Birka textile h/t 11/60
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Stephennie Mulder Oct 16
Replying to @2kufic
But final character in Larsson’s drawing Allah txtl has Arabic letter 'ha' ـه w/a hook over it that’s not common until 15th c. 12/60
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Stephennie Mulder Oct 16
Replying to @2kufic
Perhaps there are 10th c. 2Kufic examples on central Asian textiles. If so, I am not aware of them. Especially not w/hooked ‘ha.’ 13/60
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Stephennie Mulder Oct 16
Replying to @stephenniem
Even if such examples exist, Larsson specifically cites architecture as comparanda. 14/60
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Stephennie Mulder Oct 16
Replying to @stephenniem
2. But let’s assume there are 10th c. Central Asian textiles with 2Kufic. Even so, it turns out Larsson’s drawing doesn’t say ‘Allah’ 15/60
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Stephennie Mulder Oct 16
Replying to @stephenniem
Instead the drawing says للله ‘lllah’, which basically makes no sense in Arabic. 16/60
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Stephennie Mulder Oct 16
Replying to @stephenniem
Instead the drawing says للله ‘lllah’, which basically makes no sense in Arabic. 16/60
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Stephennie Mulder Oct 16
Replying to @stephenniem
Arabic phrases like الحَمْد لله al-hamdulillah incorporate 'l-lah' but don’t stand alone, and it’s spelled لله with 2 uprights, not 3. 17/60
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Stephennie Mulder Oct 16
Replying to @stephenniem
This is similar to an argument made for another sensational find: the ring said to say ‘to/for God’ 18/60
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