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Ian D. Morris
I was struck by the claim here that a Senegalese king “abolished slavery” in the 1780s. So I did some digging.
So I’ve learned a few things over the last couple of days. First, I want to apologize to those hurt by how I addressed the topic of slavery in Islam. I should listen to my wife more.  She always te
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Ian D. Morris Feb 23
“In the 1780s, the scholar-king of Senegal Abd al-Qadir Kan abolished slavery in his realm and banned the French from slave trading there…”
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Ian D. Morris Feb 23
In Saint-Louis, 31st March 1785, the Almamy (Imam) Abd al-Qadir Kan of Futa Toro and the French merchants signed their first treaty.
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Ian D. Morris Feb 23
The treaty has not been published; it is kept in the Archives Nationales du Senegal, Dakar, 13G 9, Section 5. A copy is at Michigan State.
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Ian D. Morris Feb 23
From the secondary literature, I understand that it exempts Muslims from being enslaved and traded as slaves by the French.
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Ian D. Morris Feb 23
This is to be expected. The Almamy had established a new Islamic state: exempting Muslims protected his supporters and respected shari‘ah.
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Ian D. Morris Feb 23
It seems that, through the normal channels of sloppy scholarship, this exemption was reimagined as an abolition of slavery altogether.
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orbi Feb 23
so slave trade in non- Muslims remained?
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Ian D. Morris Feb 23
If there’s a serious claim to be made that the Almamy “abolished slavery”, I’ll want to see chapter and verse in the primary sources.
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Ian D. Morris Feb 23
Further reading: David Robinson, “The Islamic Revolution of Futa Toro”; Boubacar Barry, ‘Senegambia and the Atlantic Slave Trade’.
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Ian D. Morris Feb 23
N.b. I redid some of this thread to correct the name of the Almamy. It was a significant mistake. Sorry for the inconvenience.
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Ian D. Morris Feb 23
This is not the first time I’ve seen a ban on enslaving Muslims presented as the abolition of slavery altogether. Here’s another:
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Ctesiphon 🌹 Feb 23
I was blocked by Iyad El Baghdadi for pointing out the same. Sad that even an uneducated goon like me can call this B.S out.
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Ian D. Morris Feb 23
Apparently, yes.
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Sean W. Anthony Feb 23
This is the type of garbage one gets from the likes of Rodney Stark on the Xian side of things. Exhibit A:
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Ian D. Morris Feb 23
My partner – who is a specialist in Ottonian and Carolingian stuff – is now enthusiastically explaining why all that is guff…
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Sean W. Anthony Feb 23
you're a lucky guy!
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orbi Feb 23
his statement is untrue?
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orbi Feb 23
did it abolish internal Muslim slavery or only external Muslim trade?
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Ian D. Morris Feb 23
I haven’t seen the treaty, but I’d expect a revolutionary Islamic movement to abolish the enslavement of Muslims entirely.
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