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"Filles du Roi," #Beyond150CA Twitter

ICYMI: My first ever twitter conference presentation, "Filles du Roi: Reproductive Vessels of New France." Presented on August 24 as part of the #Beyond150CA Twitter Conference.
Julia M Gossard ⚜️ 24 Aug 17
1 Filles du Roi: Reproductive Vessels of New France
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Julia M Gossard ⚜️ 24 Aug 17
Replying to @jmgossard
2) 1663-1673 French pronatalist agenda sent 837 filles du roi (fdr) to New France to marry & birth babies
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Julia M Gossard ⚜️ 24 Aug 17
Replying to @jmgossard
3) Filles du roi were primarily from urban areas (Paris & Rouen, esp), unemployed, and receiving state support
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Julia M Gossard ⚜️ 24 Aug 17
Replying to @jmgossard
4 French crown invested in children twice with fdr: girls @ arrival (19), women when married (20). Then birthed new generation.
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Julia M Gossard ⚜️ 24 Aug 17
Replying to @jmgossard
5) Crown incentivized marriage giving filles dowries of 180 livres; also incentivized births thru Edict of 1670
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Julia M Gossard ⚜️ 24 Aug 17
Replying to @jmgossard
6) Incentives & migration worked: 98% married in 3 mo; other 2% married w/i 1 yr; 75% pregnant @ marriage; marriage=necessity
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Julia M Gossard ⚜️ 24 Aug 17
Replying to @jmgossard
7) FdR quickly moved from eastern ports to interior cities Québec & Montréal to marry. Lead to urbanization in New France
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Julia M Gossard ⚜️ 24 Aug 17
Replying to @jmgossard
8) Multiple marriages for FdR: 78% outlived 1st hubby & remarried w/i 13 mo. Widowhood very rare permanent category
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Julia M Gossard ⚜️ 24 Aug 17
Replying to @jmgossard
9) Results in social topography of large, blended families in New France (6 natural kids; 3 stepkids). Different from France
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Julia M Gossard ⚜️ 24 Aug 17
Replying to @jmgossard
10) FdR had noticeable impact on population growth; Had 4438 babies; 20.3%, had 10+ children, getting Edict 1670 incentives.
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Julia M Gossard ⚜️ 24 Aug 17
Replying to @jmgossard
11) Why did Canadian families have “superabundance” of kids? Married earlier so time to have kids and relatively good diets
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Julia M Gossard ⚜️ 24 Aug 17
Replying to @jmgossard
12) Migration slowed after 1673 to 40 FdR/year. Unclear why (maybe completed goals or too costly to transport are some ideas)
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Julia M Gossard ⚜️ 24 Aug 17
Replying to @jmgossard
13) Historical impact of FdR: Strategic project for imperial growth. Women & children were commodities for demographic need
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Julia M Gossard ⚜️ 24 Aug 17
Replying to @jmgossard
14) Girls were vessels of French imperial power; Female power held in reproductive & marriage abilities.
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Julia M Gossard ⚜️ 24 Aug 17
Replying to @jmgossard
15) Filles du roi program was just one example of how French crown used children to populate their nascent empire in Canada
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