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Eléonore Cellard
Thread : Diacritics in early Qur’ān manuscripts. 1/6. I recently read : « The Hijazi script has no diacritical signs » (Mraizika, "Le Coran décrée"). I intend to show evidences against this theory and give a brief overview of practices of putting diacritics in early Qur’ān mss
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Eléonore Cellard Mar 12
Replying to @CellardEleonore
2/6. Generally, diacritics are added in the same ink as the rasm, by the copyist. In Hijazi mss, they are sparsely added and seem to be a matter of copyists. In the Codex Parisino-Petropolitanus, each copyist (event E, the less skilled of the group) add more or less diacritics.
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Eléonore Cellard Mar 12
Replying to @CellardEleonore
3/6.Their use increases quickly during the 2nd century H. But we still find more diacritics in small copies, as Codex Amrensis 1, than in large mss. Is it related to the function of the mss? Surprisingly, around the end of 2nd cent. H., diacritics almost disappear as in C.III mss
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Eléonore Cellard Mar 12
Replying to @CellardEleonore
4/6 The rules of positioning diacritics are already fixed in the 1st cent. H., except for fā’ and qāf. Here, we find 2 ways of dotting, used at least since the 2nd H. Note that the 2 ways are related to scripts styles, as only A script uses the 2nd one. Perhaps a regional marker?
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Eléonore Cellard Mar 12
Replying to @CellardEleonore
5/6. The A script shows in early stages a lot of irregularities in the system. Some are perhaps without consequences, as šin with 4 dots or other strange practices. Other could be significant, as the 2 diacritics associated with lam-alif, which I still question its exact function
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Eléonore Cellard Mar 12
Replying to @CellardEleonore
6/6. A special attention should be paid to the diacritics used for prefixes in verbs conjugation in imperfect. They are often missing in Hijazi mss, but more frequent in early hybrid hijazi/kufic mss, with a general tendency to diacritize the prefixe as a ta, whatever the context
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Seth Sanders Mar 12
Replying to @CellardEleonore
I wonder if this is related to early WS t-prefixes on 3rd masc dual and plural imperfects?
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Eléonore Cellard Mar 12
Replying to @SethLSanders
I'm sorry but what do you mean by WS?
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Seth Sanders Mar 12
Replying to @CellardEleonore
Oh, West Semitic! From the Late Bronze Age we find these 3rd person masculine plural (in 14th-century BCE Canaanite substratum interference and 13th-c Ugaritic) and 3md (in Ugaritic) forms with ta-.
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orbi Mar 12
Replying to @CellardEleonore
Are there sufficient diacritics in the early manuscripts to take away the ambiguity of the rasm?
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Eléonore Cellard Mar 12
Replying to @kwo_vadis
For the hijazi mss, of course not. For the later stages, it is more explicit but there are still ambiguity
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Abd Al Fadi Oct 9
Replying to @CellardEleonore
Thank you. Great work. Any suggested articles or recent work on this topic?
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Eléonore Cellard Oct 9
Replying to @AlFadi50923704
You’re welcome. I don’t think there is any new article about diacritics.
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معين يونس ال عامر Mar 12
Replying to @CellardEleonore
استغرب من نسبته بالحجازي فهو الأقرب إلى خط الزبور اليماني وأعتقد هو تطور له وهل يوجد له مرجع هذا الخط أم هي تسمية جزافية
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معين يونس ال عامر Mar 12
Replying to @CellardEleonore
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Abd Al Fadi Oct 9
شكراً على مداخلتك اخ معين. ممكن تعطيني فكرة عن اَي مصدر او مصادر أكاديمية متخصصه في هذا الخط اليمني؟ اشكرك مقدماً اخي العزيز
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Marijn van Putten Oct 9
This is nationalist pseudoscience don't bother.
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Adam Bursi Mar 12
Replying to @CellardEleonore
Indeed, it’s bizarre to still see this claim being made by scholars when the diacritics are right there! I have an article coming out (ان شاء الله) in JIQSA sometime soon on exactly these issues
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Marijn van Putten Oct 9
Looking forward to that article!
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Adam Bursi Oct 10
You and me both 😁
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Ahmed A. Ahmed Mar 13
Replying to @CellardEleonore
Great work
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